GRAMMAR - THE DETERMINERS, DEFINITION AND TYPES

DEFINITION OF THE DETERMINERS

Determiners are a class of words in English grammar that come before a noun to provide more information about it. 

Determiners (निर्धारक) अंग्रेजी व्याकरण में शब्दों का एक वर्ग है जो संज्ञा से पहले आता है ताकि उसके बारे में अधिक जानकारी प्रदान की जा सके।

They help to specify or quantify the noun in terms of definiteness, possession, quantity, or demonstrative reference. Here are the details about determiners:

TYPES OF DETERMINERS

[A] Articles: 

Articles include "a," "an," and "the."

"A" and "an" are indefinite articles, used to refer to any member of a group.

"The" is the definite article, used to refer to a specific or particular member of a group.

[B] Demonstratives:

Demonstratives include "this," "that," "these," and "those."

"This" and "that" refer to singular nouns ("this book," "that car").

"These" and "those" refer to plural nouns ("these books," "those cars").

[C] Possessives: 

Possessive determiners show ownership or possession. They include "my," "your," "his," "her," "its," "our," and "their."

Example: "My car is parked outside."

[D] Quantifiers: 

Quantifiers indicate the quantity or amount of a noun. They include "some," "any," "many," "much," "few," "several," "all," "both," "each," "every," etc.

Example: "There are many apples in the basket."

[E] Numerals: 

Numerals indicate the exact number or order of items. They include "one," "two," "three," "first," "second," "third," etc.

Example: "I have three brothers.

[F] Distributives: 

Distributive determiners refer to individual members of a group or distribute things one by one. They include "each," "every," "either," and "neither."

Example: "Each student must submit their assignment."

[G] Interrogatives: 

Interrogative determiners are used to ask questions about nouns. They include "which," "what," and "whose."

Example: "Which book do you prefer?"

FUNCTIONS OF DETERMINERS

Determine specificity: Determiners can indicate whether a noun is specific or general.

Indicate possession: Possessive determiners show ownership or possession.

Quantify: Determiners can specify the quantity or amount of a noun.

Show demonstrative reference: Demonstrative determiners point to specific nouns in space or time.

 Ask questions: Interrogative determiners are used to ask questions about nouns.

PLACEMENT OF THE DETERMINERS

Determiners are typically placed before the noun they modify.

The choice of determiner depends on the context, meaning, and relationship between the determiner and the noun.

Example: "The dog barked loudly."

Understanding determiners is essential for constructing grammatically correct sentences in English and conveying precise meaning and information about nouns.

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