GRAMMAR - THE ADJECTIVE, DEFINITION AND TYPES

DEFINITION OF ADJECTIVE (विशेषण)

Adjectives are words that modify or describe nouns or pronouns, providing more information about their qualities, characteristics, or attributes. 

विशेषण ऐसे शब्द हैं जो संज्ञा या सर्वनाम को संशोधित या वर्णन करते हैं, उनके गुणों, विशेषताओं या गुणों के बारे में अधिक जानकारी प्रदान करते हैं।

TYPES OF ADJECTIVES

1. Descriptive Adjectives: 

These adjectives describe the qualities or characteristics of a noun. Examples: beautiful, tall, happy.

2. Quantitative Adjectives:

These adjectives describe the quantity or how much of a noun. Examples: many, few, several.

3. Demonstrative Adjectives:  

These adjectives point to a specific noun. Examples: this, that, these, those.

4. Possessive Adjectives:

These adjectives indicate ownership or possession. Examples: my, your, his, her, its, our, their.

5. Interrogative Adjectives:

These adjectives are used in questions to ask about a noun. Examples: which, what, whose.

FORMATION OF ADJECTIVES  

Adding Suffixes:

Adjectives can be formed by adding suffixes to nouns or other adjectives. Examples: happy (adj.) from happiness (n.), colorful (adj.) from color (n.).

Comparative and Superlative Forms:

Adjectives have comparative and superlative forms to indicate degrees of comparison.

Comparative: taller, faster, more interesting.
Superlative: tallest, fastest, most interesting.

PLACEMENT OF ADJECTIVES

Adjectives usually come before the noun they modify. Examples: a red car, an exciting movie.

However, some adjectives can come after certain verbs like "be," "seem," or "become." Examples: The cake smells delicious. She is happy.

COORDINATE ADJECTIVES   

When two or more adjectives are used together to modify the same noun, they are usually separated by commas. Example: a large, comfortable bed.

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

Adjectives can be compared using comparative and superlative forms to show the degree of a quality. Examples: 

Comparative: This book is more interesting than the last one.

Superlative: It is the most interesting book on the shelf.

Examples:

Descriptive: The blue sky, a cozy blanket, an intelligent student.
Quantitative: She has several books, many people attended the event.
Demonstrative: I prefer this shirt, look at those mountains.
Possessive: His cat, our house, her idea.
Interrogative: Which book do you want? What color is your car?

Understanding the different types and forms of adjectives, as well as their proper placement, is crucial for effective communication and writing. Adjectives add depth and detail to language, allowing for more vivid and nuanced descriptions.

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